According to research from McKinsey & Company, Industry 4.0 refers to the transformation that is currently underway based on:


Massive data and machine-to-machine or machine-to-product connectivity reveal unprecedented level of insights and make mass personalization possible


Advanced analytics enable extreme depth of learning, bringing intelligence to decision making; a shift from detection to prediction, to prevention


New ways to produce such as additive manufacturing (3D printing) which integrates and accelerates prototyping and manufacturing


Collaborative robots interact with humans in the workplace, boosting productivity and efficiency along the line

What Industries Are Being Affected?

Advancements in technology are now affordable and sufficiently widespread that practically every major industry has begun adopting Industry 4.0 technologies to drive improvement.

Source: McKinsey & Company
  • Industri 4.0Now

    System autonomy, big data, analytics and machine to machine communication
  • Industri 3.01969

    Electronics, computer and automated production.
  • Industri 2.01870

    Mass production, assembly line, engine and electrical power.
  • Industri 1.01784

    Mechanical production, water and steam power.

Evolution of Industry 4.0

In the past, there have been three significant industrial revolutions. The first industrial revolution, which was stimulated by the invention of the steam engine place at the turn of the twentieth century, saw the growth of industry such as textiles and railroad.

The second industrial revolution, which was characterized by science (such as electricity) and mass production, saw further expansion of various industries using electricity and chemicals including petroleum.

The third industrial revolution is the digital revolution, which is still ongoing, and has continued to transform modern society with advancement such as the personal computer at the internet.

The fourth industrial revolution, a phrase coined in 2016, builds on the Digital Revolution. It has been marked by a sharp increase in connectivity, whereby billions of people and machines can now connect to each other. These interactions have given rise to interactions and insights on a completely different scale, which often bridge physical, digital and biological areas—and have the potential to generate new breakthroughs.